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Medica Superspecialty Hospital

Constipation Can Be Cured

Constipation is a condition where an individual has hard faeces which is difficult to expel. It happens generally when the colon has absorbed too much water from the food that is in the colon. Thus, the slower the food moves through the digestive tract, the more water will be absorbed which makes the faeces dry and hard. This makes the bowels can become very painful.

Constipation Symptoms

The main symptoms are difficulty and straining while passing stools or passing fewer stools than usual.

Other symptoms include:

  • stomach ache
  • stomach cramps
  • feeling bloated and nauseous
  • losing appetite

Causes of Constipation

Some causes are:

1) Lack of Fibre in the Diet

People whose diets include a good quantity of fibre such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are significantly less likely to suffer from constipation. Fibre helps in easy bowel movements and prevents constipation.

2) Physical Inactivity

Physically active people have less chance of constipation than inactive people. Old and bedridden people who are less active are at risk of having constipation as it is believed that physical activity keeps the metabolism high, keeping bowel movement steady

3) Medications

There are a lot of medications known to cause constipation like antidepressants, anticonvulsants, calcium channel blocking drugs, aluminium-containing antacids, diuretics

4) Milk

Some people may also become constipated when they consume milk and dairy products.

5) Irritable Bowel Syndrome

People suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) get constipation more frequently than others.

6) Pregnancy

Hormonal changes brought about during pregnancy can make a woman more susceptible to constipation. The uterus may also sometimes compress the intestine, slowing down the passage of food.

7) Aging

Slowing down metabolism during old age may make the muscles in the digestive tract not work as well as they used to which may lead to constipation.

8) Changes in Routine

While travelling the routine of a person changes which can affect the digestive system, resulting in constipation. Changes in meal times, bedtime, and toilet can raise the risk of It.

9) Overuse of Laxatives

Laxatives help in bowel movements, However, using them regularly makes a person become dependent on them, which increases the risk of constipation when they are stopped.

10) Not Going to the Toilet when Needed

Ignoring the urge to pass or delaying it may make the stool drier and harder leading to constipation.

11) Not Drinking Enough Water

Sodas and drinks containing caffeine can cause dehydration and worsen constipation. Alcohol also dehydrates the body leading to this condition. Drinking plenty of water reduces the risk of It.

12) Problems with the Colon or Rectum

Tumours, scar tissue, diverticulosis, and abnormal narrowing of the colon or rectum, known as colorectal stricture can cause constipation.

13) Some Diseases and Conditions

Some diseases slow down the movement of faeces through the colon, rectum, or anus and can also be a cause. They are:

  • Neurological disorders: Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, spinal cord injuries, and chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction can lead to constipation
  • Endocrine and metabolic conditions: Uremia, diabetes, hypercalcemia, poor glycemic control, and hypothyroidism
  • Systemic diseases: These include lupus, scleroderma, amyloidosis
  • Cancer: In cancer patients, it occurs mainly due to pain medications and chemotherapy. It may also happen if a tumour blocks or squeezes the digestive system

Natural Remedies

Ways to remove the symptoms of constipation without using medication are:

  • Increasing fibre intake
  • Drinking more water
  • Regular exercise and activity
  • Going to the bathroom at a fixed time daily
  • Avoiding holding in stools
  • Elevate your feet while passing faeces

Complications and Risk Factors

Severe constipation can develop into serious conditions like:

  • rectal bleeding
  • anal fissure, or small tear around the anus
  • haemorrhoids, or swollen, inflamed blood vessels in the rectum
  • faecal impaction, or collection of stool in the anus and rectum, leading to an obstruction in the path to leave the body

Dealing with it before it becomes one of these conditions can prevent further discomfort.


Finally, Constipation is a regular digestive issue that can impact people of all ages. A low-fibre diet, dehydration, a lack of exercise, some medications, and underlying medical disorders are just a few of the causes. Although it can be unpleasant and inconvenient, constipation is typically not a severe health concern and is frequently treated with easy lifestyle modifications including increasing fibre and water intake, exercising frequently, and taking over-the-counter laxatives.

If your Constipation is severe or comes with additional symptoms like weight loss, bleeding, or stomach pain, it is highly suggested to go for the best doctor for constipation treatment. Most people can find relief from constipation and experience regular bowel movements and greater digestive health with the right care and management.

Connect to Medica for the best constipation treatment in Kolkata.

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