High fever? It could be Chikungunya!
Chikungunya, a viral disease, is caused and transmitted typically through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito that feeds on humans during the daytime. They usually breed in dark, shady areas and are found in the evening. It is not a fatal disease but the pain can be excruciating. With the symptoms being quite similar, it is sometimes misdiagnosed in areas where Dengue is common. Chikungunya can be life-threatening to the elderly and children, and may even lead to kidney or liver disorder, cerebral problems, and paralysis, among others.
Identifying the Signs of Chikungunya
The initial signs of this disease may be fever, chills, nausea and vomiting, joint pain, headache etc. Some people also get rashes and experience high fever ranging from 100°-104° Celsius. Other symptoms include:
- Eyes turning red
- Severe body ache with swelling and pain in joints
- Rashes typically appearing on trunks and limbs
Diagnosis & Treatment
Some diagnostic tests available tests for the disease include – Serologic, Viral Culture, and PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction)-based tests, etc. As there are no medicines or vaccines for Chikungunya, here are some measures to be taken for faster recovery:
- Take adequate rest
- Consume lots of fluids to avoid dehydration
- Take medicines like Paracetamol for pain and fever
To prevent Chikungunya infection, keep yourself covered and minimize skin exposure. Some other tips are:
- Exposed skin should be protected by applying mosquito repellents
- Do not allow water to stagnate near homes
- Stay extra safe during daytime and use mosquito nets to prevent bites
- Make sure your surroundings are clean and clear of garbage bins
- Be sure to get rid of stale water in flower pots and vessels to prevent mosquito breeding
- Those who are pregnant or are suffering from severe health issues should keep away from places with a high incidence of Chikungunya
Medica has advanced labs and modern equipment to diagnose and determine different types of diseases. The Internal Medicine department has highly trained doctors with great skills to deal with any type of disease and provide the best treatment to all patients. With 24×7 monitoring and the best ICU&Emergency department, Medica can help you and your loved ones get better.
For any kind of emergency, contact us at +913366520100 or Internal Medicine: 9874478915