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Crohn's Disease

Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel illness that affects the intestines (IBD). It promotes digestive tract inflammation, which can cause stomach pain, severe diarrhoea, exhaustion, weight loss, and starvation.

Crohn’s disease causes inflammation in different parts of the digestive tract in different persons. This inflammation frequently spreads into the bowel’s deeper layers.

Crohn’s disease is a painful and debilitating condition that can sometimes result in life-threatening complications.

While there is no known cure for Crohn’s disease, medicines can significantly reduce symptoms and potentially lead to long-term remission and inflammatory healing. Many patients with Crohn’s disease can function normally with medication.


Any region of your small or large intestine can be affected by Crohn’s disease, and it can be continuous or encompass different segments. The condition is limited to the colon, which is a portion of the large intestine, in some patients.

Crohn’s disease signs and symptoms can range from moderate to severe. They normally appear gradually, although they can also appear suddenly and without notice. There may also be times when you have no indications or symptoms (remission).

When the disease is active, signs and symptoms may include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain and cramping
  • Blood in your stool
  • Fatigue
  • Mouth sores
  • Reduced appetite and weight loss
  • Fever
  • Fistula

People with severe Crohn’s disease may also experience, inflammation of skin, eyes and joints, inflammation of the liver or bile ducts, Kidney stones and Iron deficiency (anemia). It can also cause delayed growth or sexual development, in children.

When Should You See a Doctor?

If you have chronic changes in your bowel habits or any of the signs or symptoms of Crohn’s disease, such as:

  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Having blood in your stool
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Chronic diarrhea that does not respond to over-the-counter (OTC) treatment
  • Fever that lasts more than a day or two
  • Unprecedented weight loss
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