When the bones of a joint are knocked out of place, it is known as dislocation. A joint can be totally dislocated or partially displaced (subluxation). A dislocation can be caused by trauma (such as a vehicle accident or a fall) or muscle and tendon weakness. Medication, manipulation, rest, or surgery can all be used to treat a displaced joint.
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What is bone dislocation?
A joint is the point where two or more bones in the body come together. When the bones in a joint get split or knocked out of their normal locations, it is called a dislocation. A displaced joint can occur in any part of the body. A subluxation occurs when a joint is partially displaced.
Dislocations can be excruciatingly painful and leave the affected joint unsteady or immobilized (unable to move). They can also strain or tear the muscles, nerves, and tendons in the area (tissue that connects the bones at a joint).
If you have a dislocation, you should seek medical attention immediately without any delay.
Dislocations are very common.
What are the types?
- Finger Dislocation:It usually occurs when individuals end up dislocating any of their fingers. It can be caused by trauma.
- Shoulder Dislocation: The shoulder comprises a ball and socket joint. Shoulders can pop-off from the socket joint causing a dislocation of the shoulder.
- Knee Dislocation: When your knee’s three bones are out of place and not aligned properly, you have a dislocated knee. If the structures in your knee are abnormal, this can happen.
- Elbow Dislocation: Elbow dislocations are common elbow injuries that can be classified as simple or complex depending on whether or not surrounding structures have been injured.
- Hip Dislocation: Usually, hip bones are quite sturdy and seldom can they get dislocated. But, being in an accident or receiving any type of trauma or force that can force your hip bones to dislocate causes hip dislocation.
- Jaw Dislocation: The lower half of the jaw dislocates when it shifts out of its normal position. It usually heals quickly, but it can cause complications in the future. If your jaw has dislocated, seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Never attempt to repair a dislocation yourself.
What are the signs and symptoms of a dislocated shoulder?
The intensity and location of the damage determine the symptoms of a dislocation. A displaced joint can cause the following symptoms:
- Extreme Pain
- Bruising & Discoloration
- Unstable Joint
- Deformed Joint (bone looks out of place)