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Blocked Nose

Comprehensive Approach to Nasal Congestion Treatment

Nasal congestion is when you can’t breathe through your nose because it’s plugged. It’s a common symptom of a variety of medical issues.

Nasal congestion, in most circumstances, is nothing more than a nuisance. It can lead to feeding issues in babies as well as sleep issues in children and adults. A stuffy nose or a congested nose are both terms for nasal congestion.


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What Causes a Blocked Nose?

Nasal congestion is caused by inflammation (swelling) of the blood vessels in the tissues lining the nose. Stuffiness can also be caused by increased mucus secretions (discharge) in the nose. This symptom can be caused by a tumor or polyp in rare situations.

The following are the most common causes of a blocked nose or a nasal congestion:

  • Colds and other respiratory tract infections, such as influenza (flu) and sinusitis, are among the most prevalent infections
  • Hay fever is one of the most common allergies
  • Rhinitis that persists
  • Polyps in the nose

Nasal congestion can also be caused by the following less prevalent causes:

  • Adenoid glands swollen
  • Nose injuries are common
  • In the nose, there are foreign substances
  • After quitting decongestant medication, congestion returns
  • Sinus tumors
  • Some medications have negative side effects

Anything that irritates or inflames the nasal tissues might induce nasal congestion

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How is Nasal Congestion Diagnosed?

Nasal congestion is diagnosed by a doctor based on your symptoms and a physical examination. To establish the reason for your congestion, your doctor will examine your nose, ears, and throat.

  • A flexible light called an endoscope may be used by an otolaryngologist (ENT specialist) to examine your nose.
  • If a physical obstruction is seen or suspected, a CT scan may be required.
  • A doctor may use tests such as an X-ray or a throat culture (a test that examines substances at the back of the throat) to rule out other medical disorders that could be causing the congestion in rare cases.

What is the Best Way to Manage or Treat Nasal Congestion?

Nasal saline treatments and the use of a humidifier in the colder months are frequently recommended by medical practitioners to alleviate nasal dryness. A bulb suction device can assist remove mucus in newborns and young children. Adults are frequently prescribed nasal corticosteroid sprays and oral antihistamines, both of which are easily accessible over the counter. Always with your doctor before taking any drug. Even over-the-counter drugs can interfere with your other medications, and usage of these items is not recommended in some circumstances.

Additional prescription drugs may be required in some circumstances.

Surgical correction of anatomical abnormalities is sometimes used to alleviate nasal congestion.

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When to See a Doctor?

If you have nasal congestion, see your doctor as soon as possible, especially if showing the following symptoms:

  • Nasal congestion accompanied by a fever and includes discharge that is green, yellow, or consistently contains blood
  • Congestion that lasts for more than ten days.
  • If your baby develops nasal congestion that makes it difficult for him or her to nurse or drink from a bottle, call your pediatrician.
  • If your child’s nasal congestion is interfering with his or her ability to eat or sleep, contact his or her pediatrician.


Hearing test for the new-born? You are shocked, right? Yes, you read that right and let me explain why this is important.



When blood vessels and mucous membranes in the sinuses and nasal passageways enlarge, nasal congestion ensues. While minor congestion usually goes away on its own, there are a number of treatments and home cures that can assist.

When a parent or caregiver suspects that a child, especially a baby, has a stuffy nose, the following indicators should be kept in mind:

  • Difficulty eating or a loss of appetite
  • Increased irritability or fussiness
  • Having difficulty breathing or choking on mucus
  • Sleep disturbances or difficulty getting asleep

According to a recent World Health Organization (WHO) study, only 5% of persons with new coronavirus infections had a stuffy nose as a result of their infection. The following are some of the more commonly reported symptoms:

  • a high temperature
  • a cough that is dry
  • fatigue that hasn’t been explained
  • coughing out a thick mucus-like substance from the lungs

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