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Foot Pain and Ankle Pain

Foot/Ankle Pain

Our feet have a complex structure that consists of 26 bones, more than 30 small joints, and many muscles, tendons, ligaments, and nerves. Any problem in the feet or ankles could be related to arthritis or injury.

Due to the arch shape of the feet, the body’s weight is evenly spread over many bones and joints. Feet with lower arches tend to be more flexible than those with higher arches, which could be a factor in development of arthritis or other foot problems. The structure of the foot changes as we get older or if arthritis affects the foot joints.

The following signs that may indicate damage caused to your ankle because of an injury or a disease:

  • Ankle swelling
  • Bruising
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Redness
  • Burning pain
  • Instability
  • Inability to bear weight
  • Stiffness and weakness

The underlying cause for the above could be:

  • Sprain, hairline fracture or some other injury
  • Arthritis
  • Gout
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Achilles tendonitis: Can be caused by trauma, overuse or inflammatory diseases
  • Nerve damage (Neuropathy)
  • Ruptured tendon
  • Tumour

Foot pain, on the other hand, is more likely a result of some injury. Some common reasons leading to foot pain may include:

  • Poorly fitting shoes
  • Prolonged standing
  • Overuse from long walks or running marathons
  • Sprains, strains or other sports injuries

Sometimes viral or bacterial infections can be a cause of foot pain, these may need to be treated with medications.

Athlete’s foot: A condition caused by a fungus that leads to pain and irritation

Ingrown toenails: can lead to severe discomfort and infection

Diabetic foot: Can be a complication of long-time diabetes. Change in skin colour, pain and swelling, dry cracks, open sores, corns and calluses are indications of this condition.

Foot or ankle pain caused by minor injuries, usually do not need any active treatment. The doctor may advise some medications and home therapy to ease the discomfort. However, sudden acute pain or long lasting pain needs a doctor’s attention, as it may signify an underlying trauma or disease that would need treatment.

To know more about treatment facilities for foot/ankle conditions at Medica, click here 

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