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Understanding Sleep Apnea

6 million adults in India are affected by Sleep Apnea/Snoring. However, a significant majority of 80% go undetected and untreated.

Sleep apnea is a sleep-related condition marked by disrupted breathing patterns while sleeping. This occurs when the upper airway experiences partial or complete obstruction, causing brief breaks in breathing. These interruptions can occur numerous times during the night, causing disturbances to the sleep cycle and impacting the overall quality of sleep.

Sleep Apnea Symptoms

SLEEP Symptoms

  • Snoring
  • Gasping
  • Snorting
  • Not breathing
  • Fragmented sleep
  • Sleep maintenance insomnia
  • Nocturia, bed wetting
  • Night sweats

DAYTIME Symptoms

  • Excessive sleepiness
  • Morning headache
  • Fatigue
  • Dry mouth
  • Memory or concentration issues
  • Mood disturbances / irritability
  • Decreased libido



Comprehensive evaluation of symptoms, medical history & physical examination to diagnose & assess the severity of Sleep Apnea.


In-depth sleep study that monitors various physiological parameters during sleep to diagnose & analyse the severity of sleep apnea.

Drug Induced Sleep Endoscopy

Diagnostic procedure involving drug-induced sleep to assess upper airway obstruction & identify specific areas contributing to Sleep Apnea.

Auto PAP Therapy

Treatment options involving CPAP, BiPAP or Auto PAP devices to maintain open airways & alleviate Sleep Apnea symptoms.


Endoscopic Nasal Surgery, Coblation Tonsillectomy, Endoscopic Coblation Adenoidectomy, Laser Assisted Uvulopalatoplasty (LAUP), Laser and Coblator Palatal Surgery, Pharynx & Tongue Surgeries

Exploring Different Types of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a complex sleep disorder that comes in various forms. Understanding the differences between these types is crucial for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): – The most common type, OSA, occurs when the throat muscles relax excessively during sleep, causing a temporary blockage of the airway. This results in loud snoring and disrupted breathing patterns.

Central Sleep Apnea (CSA): – Central sleep apnea (CSA) occurs when the brain doesn’t transmit correct signals to the muscles responsible for breathing. This results in interruptions in breathing without any attempt to inhale. Unlike obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), snoring is less frequent in CSA.

Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome

Also known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea, this type is a combination of both OSA and CSA. It may occur when individuals with OSA are treated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy.

Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) Devices for Sleep Apnea

Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) devices are essential tools in managing sleep apnea by delivering a continuous flow of air to keep airways open during sleep.

Different types of PAP devices are available to cater to varying needs:

1. CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure): CPAP is one of the most common and widely used PAP devices. It delivers a consistent airflow at a prescribed pressure level to prevent airway collapse during inhalation. It’s effective for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and can significantly improve sleep quality and daytime alertness.

2. BiPAP (Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure): BiPAP, also known as BPAP or VPAP, offers two different pressure settings: one for inhalation (higher pressure) and one for exhalation (lower pressure). This makes breathing easier and more comfortable for individuals with more severe sleep apnea or those who have trouble exhaling against high pressure.

3. AutoPAP (Automatic Positive Airway Pressure): AutoPAP, also known as APAP, is designed to automatically adjust the pressure levels throughout the night. It monitors breathing patterns and adjusts the pressure in response to changes, ensuring optimal airway support and adapting to individual needs.

4. Micro PAP: Micro PAP, a compact version of the traditional PAP devices, offers portability and convenience. Despite its smaller size, it provides effective airway pressure to manage sleep apnea symptoms.

Sleep Apnea in Children: Recognizing Signs and Seeking Solutions

Sleep apnea isn’t just an adult concern; it can affect children too, and early intervention is crucial. Sleep apnea in children occurs when their breathing is repeatedly interrupted during sleep, leading to fragmented rest and potential health issues.

Common Signs in Children:

  • Inadequate academic performance
  • Lethargy or drowsiness, often mistaken for lack of motivation in educational settings
  • Daytime breathing through the mouth and challenges with swallowing
  • Mouth Breathing during Sleep
  • Contraction of the rib cage inward during inhalation
  • Unconventional sleeping postures, like resting on hands and knees, or with the neck overly extended
  • Excessive nighttime perspiration

Don’t let sleep apnea impact your quality of life any longer.

Contact Medica Superspecialty Hospital’s Sleep Apnea Center today to take the first step towards improved sleep and overall well-being. Schedule a consultation with our dedicated team and embark on your journey to better sleep.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, untreated sleep apnea can increase the risk of hypertension, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and daytime fatigue-related accidents.
Treatments include lifestyle changes (weight loss, sleep position adjustments), continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, dental appliances, surgery, and positional therapy.
CPAP therapy involves wearing a mask that delivers continuous air pressure to keep airways open during sleep. It's highly effective in managing sleep apnea and improving sleep quality.
Positional therapy involves training individuals to sleep in specific positions that reduce airway obstruction, helping manage sleep apnea symptoms.
Yes, children can have sleep apnea too, often due to enlarged tonsils or adenoids. Symptoms may include snoring, restless sleep, and behavioral issues.
If you experience persistent symptoms like loud snoring, choking during sleep, or excessive daytime sleepiness, it's essential to consult a healthcare professional.
Yes, sleep apnea is treatable. Proper diagnosis and management can significantly improve sleep quality and overall health.
Sleep Apnea has a direct impact on essential organs such as the heart, lungs, brain, and metabolism, and it detrimentally influences our capacity to engage in work, study, and exhibit appropriate behavior. Sleep disorders are associated with more than 20% of Road Accidents in India.
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