A disorder in which the kidney tissues become inflamed and have difficulty filtering waste from the bloodstream. Infection, inflammatory illnesses (such as lupus), some hereditary problems, and other diseases or conditions can all cause nephritis. Nephritis is a disease that affects the kidneys. There are numerous forms of nephritis. Medica Superspecialty Hospital in Kolkata is one of the best in the region, with some of the city’s best urologists and nephrologists. We provide sophisticated care and treatment for a wide range of urological and nephrological illnesses, all of which are grouped together under the heading of Kidney Diseases.
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Types of Nephritis
Nephritis can manifest itself in a variety of ways, including:
- Acute glomerulonephritis develops rapidly after a severe illness, such as strep throat, hepatitis, or HIV.
- Acute inflammation of the kidneys can also be caused by lupus and other rare diseases including vasculitides and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). During a flare-up, a person with these illnesses will need immediate medical intervention to avoid kidney damage.
- Lupus nephritis is an autoimmune illness in which the immune system assaults healthy tissues in the body by mistake.
- Alport syndrome, also known as hereditary nephritis, is a kidney illness that can cause vision and hearing impairments as well as renal failure. Alport syndrome is a genetic condition that affects men more than women.
- In its early stages, chronic glomerulonephritis of nephritis grows slowly and produces minimal symptoms. This illness, like acute glomerulonephritis, can lead to serious kidney damage and kidney failure. It can run in families or arise as a result of a sudden illness.
- IgA nephropathy is a type of nephropathy that is quite frequent. It occurs when IgA antibody deposits form in the kidneys, resulting in inflammation. Antibodies are produced by the immune system to fight dangerous substances and organisms that enter the body. IgA neuropathy is caused by faulty IgA antibodies.
- Interstitial nephritis develops quickly and is frequently caused by an infection or a medicine. It affects the interstitium, which is a fluid-filled area within the kidney.
Loss of necessary protein due to nephritis can result in several life-threatening symptoms
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Symptoms of Nephritis
In the early stages of nephritis, the symptoms are rarely severe. The following symptoms may suggest that a person is suffering from this illness:
Nephritis can be caused by a variety of factors. It’s possible that the cause isn’t always obvious. Nephritis and kidney disease frequently appear to run in families, implying a hereditary component. Nephritis can be caused by diseases such as HIV and hepatitis B or C.
Medication side effects, such as antibiotics, might cause kidney damage in certain people. Nephritis can develop as a result of this injury. This disease can also be caused by taking too many pain medicines, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or diuretic pills.
Other Risk Factors
The most important risk factors for kidney disease are:
- Family history
- High blood pressure
- Heart Disease
A doctor may discover nephritis through a regular blood or urine test in some situations.
Protein in the urine may suggest that the kidneys aren’t functioning properly. A blood test that measures creatinine, a waste product in the blood, can also reveal information about the kidneys’ health.
A biopsy, on the other hand, is the best technique to check for nephritis. A doctor will use a needle to extract a bit of the kidney and send it to a laboratory for analysis in this process.
Nephritis treatment varies depending on the cause and type. Acute nephritis can sometimes go away on its own. However, it frequently necessitates the use of medication as well as specialized procedures to remove extra fluids and potentially hazardous proteins. Regular renal check-ups and blood pressure monitoring are common treatments for chronic nephritis. Water tablets may be prescribed by doctors to help manage blood pressure and minimize edema.
In rare circumstances, medications that inhibit the immune system from attacking the kidneys can be advantageous.
A doctor may also recommend a patient with a kidney infection to a nutritionist, who can advise them on what foods to avoid in order to protect their kidneys. Protein, sodium, and potassium should all be limited in a healthy diet.