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Hernia Treatment in Kolkata Medica Hospitals

Hernia Treatment

Advanced Hernia Repair at Medica

Your muscles should be strong and tight enough to hold your intestines and organs in place, but if there are any weak regions, it can lead to a hernia being formed. There are two approaches to surgical hernia repair: open and minimally invasive.

The type of surgery chosen is determined by the severity and type of hernia you have, the expected recovery time, your past medical history, and the surgeon’s expertise.

Open Hernia Repair Treatment

An incision, or cut, is made in the groin during an open hernia repair. The bulging intestine is identified in the hernia “sac” and it is subsequently pushed back into the abdomen, and the abdominal wall is strengthened with stitches or synthetic mesh. Most patients will be able to return home within a few hours of surgery and will feel completely normal within a few days. For the first four to six weeks after surgery, strenuous activities and exercise are prohibited.

Laparoscopic Hernia Treatment

Our skilled doctors choose to perform laparoscopic hernia repair because it is less invasive and has a shorter recovery time. This is an effective hernia repair treatment that is painless and performed while the patient is sedated.

Another great thing about this method of hernia treatment, the patient can go home the next day and be fully recovered in less than a week. A laparoscope is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen during a modern daycare surgical procedure. Once the incision is made, surgeons use the camera to examine the internal structures. A 3D Mesh is implanted by the surgeon to strengthen the weakened muscle. The doctors can also choose to bind the extra bulge of muscles to keep it from moving anymore.

Hernia Repair with Robotic Surgery

Hernia repair via robotic surgery is a relatively new technology. Robotic surgery, like laparoscopic surgery, uses a laparoscope and is performed in the same way (small incisions, a tiny camera, inflation of the abdomen, and projecting the inside of the abdomen onto television screens). The surgeon in robotic surgery, on the other hand, sits at a console in the operating room and controls the surgical instruments from there. Robotic surgery can be performed to repair some minor hernias as well as to rebuild the abdominal wall.


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What is a Hernia?

It is a medical condition that occurs when an internal organ pushes through a weak spot in your muscle or tissue. There are several forms of hernia but most commonly they involve the abdomen, especially the groin.

Types of Hernia

As discussed before, a hernia can be of different types such as:

Inguinal Hernia: When tissue, such as part of the intestine, protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles, an inguinal hernia occurs. An inguinal hernia is not always dangerous but the bulge can be painful, particularly when coughing, bending over, or lifting a heavy object.

Femoral Hernia: A femoral hernia occurs when tissues or parts of the intestine push through the top of the inner thigh into the groin. They are less common than inguinal hernias and primarily affect women in their forties and fifties.

Umbilical Hernia: An umbilical hernia occurs when the fatty tissue or part of the intestine pushes through the abdomen near the navel.

Hiatal Hernia: A hiatal (hiatus) hernia occurs when a portion of the stomach pushes up into the chest cavity through a diaphragmatic opening.

Other Types of Hernias Include:

  • An Incisional Hernia is one that occurs in the area of a previous surgical incision.
  • Epigastric Hernias are usually small and occur in the middle of the stomach, between the breastbone and the belly button.
  • Unlike other types of hernias, Spigelian Hernias develop beneath the layers of fat. Spigelian hernias occur in the middle of abdominal muscles. Spigelian hernias, as a result, may not be visible as a lump or bulge.
  • A Diaphragmatic Hernia occurs when the abdominal organs pass through an opening in the diaphragm into the chest.

Symptoms of Hernia

The following are some of the most common symptoms of hernia:

  • Bulging or swelling around the groin area
  • Pain in the abdomen that worsens when you lift or bend something.
  • Abdomen feels heavy
  • Pain or discomfort during bowel movements or urination
  • Pain or discomfort, particularly if you have been standing for a long time

Other strangulated hernia symptoms include fever, vomiting, nausea, and severe cramping.

If you’re a parent, you might notice a lump in your child’s groin area when he or she cries, coughs, or has a bowel movement. If this is the case, consult your paediatrician to see if any treatment is required.

There is a 90 to 99% success rate in hernia surgeries

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Causes of Hernia

A hernia develops over time as a result of a combination of abdominal wall muscle weakness and persistent pressure on this weakness. Some of the causes are as follows:

  • A birth defect
  • Muscles that deteriorate due to age or poor nutrition
  • Constipation
  • Issues urinating
  • Chronic coughing & sneezing
  • An injury to the abdomen or surgery
  • Improper heavyweight lifting
  • Obesity/overweight
  • Ascites, or fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity
  • Dialysis through the peritoneum
  • Smoking
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A hernia doctor will perform a physical examination to diagnose a hernia. A hernia is easier to diagnose because a bulge in the area where the hernia is present is visible. A patient may be asked to stand, strain, or cough in order to obtain an accurate diagnosis. If the bulge isn’t visible, imaging tests like an MRI, CT scan, or abdominal ultrasound may be required.


Hernias are most common in people between the ages of 40 and 70. In most cases, the male to female ratio is 7:1. You should be able to leave the hospital the same day or the next day. But it’s critical that you follow the guidelines for self-care given to you while staying in the hospital. This includes maintaining a healthy diet to avoid constipation, wound care, and avoiding strenuous activity. Also, it is observed that a the majority of people recover completely from hernia surgery in 6 weeks, with many able to return to work and mild activities in as little as 2 weeks. Medica Superspecialty Hospital offers not only the best surgical options when it comes to treating hernias, but we also have some of the best surgeons in the region, who perform such types procedures with dexterity & efficiency.


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Common Questions

Our OPDs start from as early as 9AM and extend till 5PM, from Monday to Saturday. We comprise a precinct of renowned medical professionals who are well-supported by state-of-the-art infrastructure that aids our doctors in providing comprehensive treatment to all of our out-patients. You can call or book an appointment online through our website. A dedicated team-member will reach out to you with the confirmation of your appointment.

You can avail Medica’s ambulance service 24x7. Our trained paramedics bring basic and advanced ‘Life Support’ medical care directly to the patient, be it at the patient’s home, at work, or at the site of the accident. Ambulance charges will vary as per the nature of the distress call, distance, and type of ambulance service availed at the time. Call @ 033-65000600 for more information on our ambulance service.

To book an appointment with our experts, visit our website and fill in the patient details and contact no. A team member from the concerning department will reach out to you to confirm your appointment and provide you with further details.

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