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The Dangers of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is one of the most common sleep disorders, affecting over 20 million adults, with an estimated 80% of cases remaining untreated. “Apnea” is a Greek term that means “without air.” Sleep apnea is the involuntary interruption of breathing while a person is sleeping. Most of us aren’t aware of it, that could be the basis of a slew of new health problems. If left untreated for a long time, this could have significant effects.

There are several types of sleep apnea, but obstructive sleep apnea is the most frequent. People also suffer from central sleep apnea(CSA) and complex or mixed sleep apnea.

Symptoms include:
Snoring: The most prevalent sign of apnea is loud, continuous snoring. It’s caused by a partial blockage or obstruction, which prevents air from freely passing through the airways.

Daytime Sleepiness: Excessive daytime sleepiness(EDS) is one of the most common and often neglected sign. EDS is a condition in which a person has extreme weariness during the day.

Headaches: Vascular headaches are caused by blood vessels expanding due to low oxygen levels.

Obesity: Having OSA is almost always linked to a person’s body weight. Obese people are more prone than those who maintain a healthy weight to suffer from it.

Mood swings, depression, or irritability: Lack of quality sleep regularly can make you irritable, anxious, and short-tempered, and can even lead to melancholy.

Low oxygen levels in the body might have long-term detrimental health repercussions. This includes the following:

– Heart disease
– Stroke
– High blood pressure
– Pre-diabetes and diabetes
– Depression

Who can be affected?
It affects approximately 25% of males and roughly 10% of women. It affects people of all ages, including infants and children, as well as people over 50 and those who are overweight.

Patients with obstructive sleep apnea share several physical and clinical characteristics. Excessive weight, a big neck, and anatomical anomalies that reduce the diameter of the upper airway, such as nasal blockage, a low-hanging soft palate, swollen tonsils, or a tiny jaw with an overbite, are examples.

Due to the high occurrence of sleep apnea in cardiac arrhythmias and heart failure (it’s virtually a coin flip whether the patient has it), doctors advise that you seek medical help as soon as possible.

What kind of lifestyle changes are required?
Normalizing breathing requires lifestyle changes, which are key first stages in treatment.

They are as follows:

– Establish good sleeping habits
– Quit smoking
– Abstain from drinking
– Follow a heart-healthy diet
– Maintain a healthy weight
– Practice sleeping on your slide

Visit a doctor or a specialist, if you start showing symptoms. Medica has dedicated departments for Sleep Apnea Treatment in Kolkata where specialists treat it through medicine, surgery and other types of modern therapy.

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